Big eye, Philippines. Photo by Stephane Rochon.

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Best videos

A look back at the history and present day of my favorite dive site 08:40

Marineland
United States of America

Remoras, cobias and rainbow runners. Part 22 of my DVD, "Reef Life of the Andaman", available at http://www.bubblevision.com/marine-life-DVD.htm

In this video we look at more fish that form symbiotic relationships with larger marine life.

Live sharksuckers (Echeneis naucrates), a type of remora, attach themselves to sharks and other marine animals using their first dorsal fin which has evolved into a sucker. The sharksucker gets a free ride and feeds off food scraps left by the host, which also gives it protection. This is known as a commensal relationship, whereby the suckerfish benefits but the host derives neither significant benefit nor harm. Some scientists believe that the remora removes parasites etc. from the host, making the relationship a form of mutualism rather than commensalism. At various dive sites in Thailand and the Mergui Archipelago of Burma (Myanmar) we see live sharksuckers attached to zebra sharks, a whale shark, a spot-fin porcupinefish, a bridled parrotfish, and even a couple of scuba divers.

In another example of commensal symbiosis, the cobia (Rachycentron canadum) is similarly usually found accompanying larger marine animals. We see them following manta rays, blotched fantail rays, and a grey reef shark. The cobia gains some protection from the larger host, and often feeds on its faeces.

Rainbow runners (Elagatis bipinnulata), members of the jack family, are also often seen accompanying larger marine life, but for a different reason. They rub themselves against the skin of the host in order to remove parasites etc. from their own bodies. We see rainbow runners rubbing against a grey reef shark, a whitetip reef shark, and a hawksbill turtle.

The full narration is available as English, German or Spanish subtitles by turning on the closed captions (CC). There are also closed captions available showing scientific and common names of the marine life in English, German or Dutch, along with dive site names.

"Reef Life of the Andaman" is being serialised weekly on YouTube. Please subscribe to my channel to receive notifications of new episodes as I release them. The series features descriptions of 213 different marine species including more than 100 tropical fish, along with sharks, rays, moray eels, crabs, lobsters, shrimps, sea slugs, cuttlefish, squid, octopus, turtles, sea snakes, starfish, sea cucumbers, corals, worms etc..

I have more scuba diving videos and underwater footage on my website at:
http://www.bubblevision.com

I post updates about my videos, and interesting underwater videos from other filmmakers here:
http://www.facebook.com/bubblevision
http://www.twitter.com/nicholashope

The video was shot by Nick Hope with a Sony VX2000 DV camera in a Gates housing. It was edited in Sony Vegas Pro then deinterlaced with QTGMC and upscaled to 720p HD in AviSynth.

Thanks to Mark Ellison for the music track, "Similan Sunrise".

Thanks to Santana Diving of Phuket (http://www.santanaphuket.com), to Elfi and Uli Erfort and Daniel Bruehwiler for help with the German translation, and to Frank Nelissen for the Dutch subtitles.

Full list of marine life and dive sites featured in this video:

00:00 Live Sharksucker, Echeneis naucrates, Koh Bida Nok
00:09 Live Sharksucker, Echeneis naucrates, Koh Bon
00:19 Live Sharksucker, Echeneis naucrates, Christmas Point
00:28 Whale Shark, Rhincodon typus, Fan Forest Pinnacle
00:35 Live Sharksuckers, Echeneis naucrates, Fan Forest Pinnacle
00:48 Spot-Fin Porcupinefish, Diodon hystrix, Boonsung Wreck
00:57 Live Sharksucker, Echeneis naucrates, Boonsung Wreck
01:06 Bridled Parrotfish, Scarus frenatus, Koh Tachai
01:10 Live Sharksucker, Echeneis naucrates, Koh Phi Phi
01:25 Live Sharksucker, Echeneis naucrates, Staghorn Reef, Racha Yai
01:31 Cobia, Rachycentron canadum, Black Rock
01:37 Manta Ray, Manta birostris, Black Rock
02:05 Blotched Fantail Ray, Taeniura meyeni, Black Rock
02:30 Grey Reef Shark, Carcharhinus amblyrhynchos, Shark Cave
02:40 Rainbow Runners, Elagatis bipinnulata, Koh Tachai
02:59 Rainbow Runners, Elagatis bipinnulata, Fan Forest Pinnacle
03:14 Rainbow Runners, Elagatis bipinnulata, Richelieu Rock 04:00

Black Rock
Burma

Wreck diving on a WWII merchant vessel by Serifos Island, Cyclades - Greece 02:54

Serifos
Greece

The demon stinger and waspfishes. Part 15 of my documentary, "Mucky Secrets", about the fascinating marine creatures of the Lembeh Strait in Indonesia. Watch the full 90-minute documentary at http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nJMZ6reOB0E

One fish that divers should be wary of in the Lembeh Strait is the demon stinger (Inimicus didactylus) as its sting is extremely painful and can be deadly to humans. They have excellent camouflage and often lie partially buried in the muck. These fish are more closely related to the lethal stonefish than to scorpionfishes, and are known by a multitude of other evocative common names including spiny devilfish, bearded ghoul and sea goblin.

The lower two rays of the pectoral fins are detached from the fin, and the demon stinger walks on them in a manner similar to some dragonets.

Demon stingers have no known predators. Many fellow bottom dwellers are oblivious to their existence. We see a fireworm (Chloeia parva) a type of bristleworm, crawling right over the top of a well-camouflaged demon stinger.

Like their scorpionfish relatives, waspfishes (family Tetrarogidae) are also armed with venomous spines in their dorsal fin. We see another type of polychaete worm wriggling past a wispy waspfish (Paracentropogon longispinis). The wispy waspfish's coloration is variable.

Bandtail waspfishes (Paracentropogon zonatus) are sometimes found too, and the whiteface waspfish (Richardsonichthys leucogaster) is one of the more common types.

With its spines erect, like its namesake's crest, the cockatoo waspfish (Ablabys taenianotus) sways from side to side, mimicking a dead leaf in surge. They are sometimes found in pairs on the open seabed.

There are English captions showing either the full narration or the common and scientific names of the marine life, along with the dive site names.

The full Mucky Secrets nature documentary features a huge diversity of weird and wonderful marine animals including frogfish, nudibranchs, scorpionfish, crabs, shrimps, moray eels, seahorses, octopus, cuttlefish etc..

Thanks to Chris Zabriskie of http://chriszabriskie.com for the music track "Divider", and to Kevin MacLeod of http://www.incompetech.com for the track, "Tenebrous Brothers Carnival - Mermaid". These tracks are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported license.

Thanks to the staff and keen-eyed divemasters of Two Fish Divers (http://www.twofishdivers.com), for accommodation, diving services and critter-spotting.

The video was shot by Nick Hope with a Sony HVR-Z1P HDV camera in a Light & Motion Bluefin HD housing with Light & Motion Elite lights and a flat port. A Century +3.5 diopter was used for the most of the macro footage.

I have more scuba diving videos and underwater footage on my website at:
http://www.bubblevision.com

I post updates about my videos here:
http://www.facebook.com/bubblevision
http://google.com/+bubblevision
http://www.twitter.com/nicholashope
http://bubblevision.tumblr.com

Full list of marine life and dive sites featured in this video:

00:00 Demon Stinger, Inimicus didactylus, Aer Perang
00:23 Demon Stinger, Inimicus didactylus, Nudi Retreat
00:30 Demon Stinger, Inimicus didactylus, Police Pier
00:48 Fireworm, Chloeia parva, Aer Perang
01:16 Wispy Waspfish, Paracentropogon longispinis, Makawide
01:33 Wispy Waspfish, Paracentropogon longispinis, TK 2
01:44 Bandtail Waspfish, Paracentropogon zonatus, Tanjung Kusu-Kusu
01:54 Whiteface Waspfish, Richardsonichthys leucogaster, Makawide
02:29 Cockatoo Waspfish, Ablabys taenianotus, Nudi Retreat
02:44 Cockatoo Waspfish, Ablabys taenianotus, Jahir 03:49

Nudi Retreat
Indonesia


Best photos

scuba diving photo

Pechiguera
Canary Islands

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Simos Wreck
Greece

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Goa - Goa
Indonesia


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